1. United States
Value of reserves: $418.39 billion
Holdings total: 8,965.6 tons
The United States holdings are held at Fort Knox, Philadelphia Mint, Denver Mint, West Point Bullion Depository and the San Francisco Assay Office.
Value of reserves: $174.7 billion
Holdings total: 3,743.7 tons
3. The International Monetary Fund
Value of reserves: $144.76 billion
Holdings total: 3,101 tons
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) oversees international economic operations of 185 member countries. Its gold policies have changed in the last 25 years, but the reserves remain to stabilize international markets and aid national economies.
Value of reserves: $126.12 billion
Holdings total: 2,702.6 tons
Value of reserves: $125.28 billion
Holdings total: 2,684.6 tons
Value of reserves: $54.22 billion
Holdings total: 1,161.9 tons
China's gold only accounts for 1.8 percent of foreign reserves. With a population of 1.34 billion, the country holds about $40.46 worth of gold per person, totaling $54.22 billion.